#001 Top 10 Self-driving cars in The World
The idea of jumping inside the car and letting it take over from there has been only a dream just 20 years ago. But if self-driving car technology continues to grow at its current rate, that scenario will soon become a reality.
The autonomous vehicle market will grow from $54.23 billion in 2019 to $556.67 billion in 2026. So, it is clear that time, when we will be able to sit back and tell our car where to drive itself, is coming sooner than you might think.
The 6 Levels of self-driving vehicles
There are several different types of self-driving vehicles and they are classified into 6 stages.
Level 0 – no autonomous driving functions.
Level 1 – autonomous vehicles have several features like adaptive cruise control, automatic emergency braking, and lane-keeping assist, but the systems do not work together with one another.
Level 2 – vehicles can control steering and speed at the same time for short periods without driver intervention. However, they cannot perform autonomously under all conditions. The driver is required to stay careful and be able to regain control of the car at any time.
Level 3 – vehicles have full autonomous functions in all driving conditions but need to shift control back to the driver if they are unable to perform.
Level 4 – vehicles can operate with no intervention from the driver other than the entry of the destination. They are designed to work under any condition and if the autonomous car systems fail, the vehicle will safely stop.
Level 5 – cars are designed to operate entirely autonomously and they are not intended to be driven regularly by human drivers. Full development of Level 5 cars is probably many years away.
Tesla Model S
Price: $75,000 – 133,000
Year by year Tesla is getting closer to achieving their long-term goal of level 5 autonomous driving. They have begun producing Model S vehicle equipped with the latest autopilot hardware to support full self-driving capabilities. Dubbed “HW3”, the new hardware is Tesla’s next iteration of its semi-autonomous driving-assist feature that includes Navigate on Autopilot, Advanced Summon, Auto Lane Change, Auto-park, and the ability to respond to traffic lights.
The Enhanced Autopilot in the Model S uses a forward radar, a forward-looking camera, 12 long-range ultrasonic sensors positioned to sense 16 feet around the car in every direction at all speeds, and a high-precision digitally-controlled electric assist braking system. The vehicle can center itself within its lane, automatically change lanes when directed, keep pace with traffic, transition from one freeway to another, and transition from a freeway to surface streets. Also, when the driver arrives at the destination, the car can park itself.
2018 Mercedes-Benz S-Class
Price: $73,000 – 190,000
When it comes to autonomous driving the Mercedes S-class has always been the company leader of providing best driving assistance functions. The 2018 model provides enhancements to the previous version both in hardware and software and raises Mercedes-Benz intelligent drive to the next level.
Thanks to enhanced camera and radar systems, the new S‑Class makes use of map and navigation data to calculate driving behavior for the first time. Active Distance Assist and Active Steering Assist now support the driver in keeping a safe distance and steering. Onboard are Active Emergency Stop Assist and a considerably improved Active Lane Change Assist. This model is also able to automatically adjust its speed based on a number of various road conditions. Highway exits, junctions, roundabouts, and toll booths are all handled with ease. The car continues to be capable of offer some highway driving on its own, though still requires constant monitoring by the driver in case of an emergency.
2019 Audi A8
Price: $83.000 – 138,000
You are looking at one of the most luxury sedans in the market. But that is not all. This car is equipped with many of the advanced safety features that elevate this self-autonomous car to a Level 3 autonomous vehicle. Audi A8, Traffic Jam Pilot, isn’t a fully autonomous or automated technology that’s designed to be used in all cases, but it’s a system that can take over driving in heavy traffic. The A8 is capable of creating a three-dimensional map of its immediate surrounds and “look” up to 328 feet ahead using a long-range radar, a front camera, four mid-range radars, several 360-degree cameras, up to 12 ultrasound sensors, and the world’s first-ever laser scanner.
Audi will also roll out an automatic parking system that does not require the driver to be in the car when it drives into or out of the garage.
2018 BMW 5
Price: $44.000 – 63,000
BMW greeted their customers with one of the most high-tech vehicles on the market. The BMW 5 Series was fully redesigned and equipped with advanced autonomous driving features. One that is absolutely remarkable is the Parking Assistance Package. This feature includes a variety of driver support systems which lets you drive the car using only a touch screen on the key fob. The driver can gently park the car while not being in the vehicle.
One noticeable function is Traffic Jam Assist which manages steering and speed in stop-and-go traffic with minimal driver intervention. The system uses both lane markings and the car ahead for guidance.
2019 Volvo XC60
Price: $38.000 – 61,000
When we talk about safety and semi-autonomous driving features Volvo XC60 is probably the most equipped vehicle in today’s market. Significant function is steering support designed to help drivers maneuver to avoid collisions with other vehicles, pedestrians, or large animals. Volvo also offers Pilot Assist. This system manages braking, steering, and acceleration at speeds up to 80 mph on well-marked roads. Like many systems, it senses hands on the steering wheel to ensure that drivers remain careful, even when the semi-autonomous systems are functioning.
Price: $42.000 – 60,000
The Genesis G80 provided customers the Hyundai Smart Sense safety technology. This technology uses sensors and lidar to detect when the vehicle is drifting out of its lane. The car is able to adjust itself to get back in the lane and sounds an audible alert to warn the driver of the lane drift.
It also has the smart cruise control which makes use of radar on the front end of the vehicle. The radar is responsible for measuring the distance to the car ahead. Other functions that this vehicle is equipped with are automatic stopping for pedestrian, driver fatigue and distraction, and blind-spot detection.
2018 Lexus LS
Price: $75.000 – 84,000
Super luxury Lexus LS is equipped with a number of semi-autonomous features that will make driving much easier. With Driver Emergency Stop Assist, the car will be able to stay in a lane and steer through curves or around objects. It will also have Lane Change Assist, which will allow the car to safely change lanes by itself. Despite this cutting-edge tech, Lexus is quick to point out these features don’t mean drivers can stop paying attention.
2018 Cadillac CT6
Price: $55.000 – 89,000
Cadillac has introduced a truly impressive vehicle to their customers. CT6 offers “Super Cruise,” hands-free cruise control that controls steering, power, and braking at highway speeds.
A constellation of radar and optical sensors on the Cadillac sedan uses data from a precisely mapped Lidar database to give the system hyper-accurate location data. Also, there is a small camera located at the top of the steering wheel to monitor the driver’s attention level and ensure that they can take over if needed.
“Super Cruise” also manages steering and speed during highway driving by using lane-centering technology and advanced adaptive cruise control to take the workload off of the driver.
2018 Nissan Infiniti Q50
Price: $35.000 – 53,000
Nissan’s comprehensive ProPilot driver assist system is available in 2018 Infiniti Q50 sedan. This model is loaded with an array of sensors that work to keep its passengers safe. Like many adaptive cruise control systems, it can accelerate and brake for you, based on whatever speed you set and the actions of the vehicle ahead. Unlike many adaptive cruise control systems, it can also steer for you. The system also keeps you centered in your lane.
This is the world’s most advanced self-driving car that makes other autonomous vehicles on the market look like a horse carriage. The SYMBIOZ is a concept car by Renault and it embodies what they believe cars will be like in 2030. The concept car has achieved level 4 autonomy which means that the driver doesn’t need to pay attention to the road or touch the steering wheel.
This magnificent vehicle can change lanes on its own, exit the highway, regulate its speed based on speed limit and traffic, or pull over to a safe place if the driver can’t take over control.
But the bad news is that we won’t see this car on the road anytime soon. The problem will be regulating level 4 autonomy since it’s currently illegal. The autonomous SYMBIOZ demo car has been tested with real traffic in 2017. Renault believes the technology will be affordable by 2023.
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